Filing a case online must be done through the justice court’s online system. It can only be done for civil cases or cases involving a single party. For criminal cases, you still need to file at the court as normally.
The court has prepared extensively for online case filing to provide convenience and reduce the need to travel to the court. This initiative gained popularity, especially among lawyers, during the COVID-19 pandemic, as it saves time and expenses.
Today, we’ll guide you through the process of filing a case by yourself if you don’t have a lawyer. Here are the steps:
- Go to the website https://efiling3.coj.go.th/eFiling/#/ or the website of the civil court. Start by creating a user account. Choose the user type. If you’re a new user, register in the system.
- Civil cases (contract termination, breach of contract, infringement, eviction, property transfer request)
- Consumer cases
- Request for estate administrator appointment
- Request for declaration of missing person
- Provide case details, including plaintiff information, defendant information, case details, attached documents or evidence, cause of action, requested relief from the court, and the option to specify witnesses.
Court personnel will review the completeness and accuracy of the filed information. If the conditions for case consideration are met and the information is accurate, the case will be submitted to the court.
*The black case number is crucial in all stages of case proceedings, so it’s essential to remember it.
4. Once the case is in the court process, the court will handle everything electronically. Case consideration, witness examination, and cross-examination will be conducted online.
*If cross-examination is unsuccessful, you have the right to submit a statement through the online system and proceed with the case in the next step.
Filing a lawsuit by yourself can be done during official working hours.
However, when filing a case online, if you file after 4:30 PM or on a Saturday-Sunday, the next official working day will be considered the filing day. You can file from anywhere using the full-fledged electronic court system at every step. This process is convenient, fast, and very user-friendly.
Upon experiencing harm, you don’t need to travel to the court or submit physical documents, unlike conventional cases. Additionally, the plaintiff can track the case’s progress within 12 hours from filing, which is remarkably swift in case consideration.
Currently, only 30 courts nationwide are equipped for online case filing. This approach provides significant convenience for the public, though it doesn’t cover all areas comprehensively.
Only 30 courts are currently using the online system for filing cases. These courts include:
- Civil Court
- Civil Court Bangkok South
- Civil Court Phra Khanong
- Civil Court Min Buri
- Civil Court Thonburi
- Civil Court Taling Chan
- Phra Nakhon North District Court
- Phra Nakhon South District Court
- Don Mueang District Court
- Dusit District Court
- Thonburi District Court
- Nonthaburi District Court
- Nonthaburi Provincial Court
- Samut Prakan District Court
- Samut Prakan Provincial Court
- Chachoengsao Provincial Court
- Chonburi Provincial Court
- Pattaya Provincial Court
- Pattaya District Court
- Chachoengsao District Court
- Nakhon Ratchasima District Court
- Nakhon Ratchasima Provincial Court
- Phu Khieo Provincial Court
- Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Court
- Chiang Mai Provincial Court
- Phrae Provincial Court
- Samut Sakhon Provincial Court
- Phetchaburi Provincial Court
- Phuket Provincial Court
- Surat Thani Provincial Court
These courts offer a comprehensive online filing system, making it easier and more convenient for individuals to file cases.
Things to prepare before filing a lawsuit :
1. Identification documents of the plaintiff (plaintiff’s ID card)
2. Identification documents of the defendant (defendant’s information)
- For normal person use National registration / ID card
- For legal entitles Corporate registration number and Registered address (this information can be found through the Department of Business Development, Ministry of Commerce’s website)
*Part 2 is particularly important. If you don’t have it, you won’t be able to file a lawsuit online
3. Evidence related to the lawsuit:
- Loan agreements
- Chat records
- Payment receipts
- Relevant terms and conditions (these items should be directly related to the lawsuit)
4. State your request (pleadings) in the lawsuit. Specify the damages you’ve suffered, what you want to be compensated for, and the amount you’re claiming.
5. Choose a date for the cross-examination or case consideration, based on your preference (while ensuring that the court has cases scheduled on that day).
6. All documents must be signed by the plaintiff.
7. Once the process is completed, pay the court fees, which will generally amount to 2% of the claimed sum.
These preparations are necessary to ensure a smooth and accurate filing process for your lawsuit.
While the court has indeed designed an online case processing system, the reality is that it’s not quite feasible yet for both parties to engage in a full-fledged legal battle online. This is primarily because the intricacies of cross-examination have not been efficiently translated into an online format.
However, when it comes to submitting documents or conducting a case as a single party, it’s undeniable that it’s much more convenient. It’s better than spending an hour traveling to the court, waiting for another hour, and then spending just 30 minutes to proceed with the case!