What is the criminal law and example ?

Table of Contents

Criminal Law is

Criminal offense

Criminal Penalties


Criminal Law is

Criminal Law is the body of law that deals with offenses and the penalties prescribed for those offenses. The most important section of criminal law is the ‘Criminal Code. In addition to the Criminal Code, there are also other statutes that prescribe criminal penalties for violations of specific laws. Examples of such statutes include the Narcotics Act and the Gambling Act.

Certainly, every society typically has rules and regulations that prescribe the behavior of its members within that community.An individual who engages in actions that have a significant impact on society or the majority of people is considered to commit a criminal offense. Therefore, criminal law is a set of laws aimed at protecting society, promoting peace and order by defining what actions constitute criminal offenses, and specifying penalties for those who violate these laws.

Criminal offense

Criminal offense refers to actions that have a significant impact on society or the majority of people in a country. When an individual commits a criminal offense, the severity of the punishment they receive under the law depends on the gravity of the offense. The law does not treat all criminal offenses equally. The punishment for the offender depends on the nature and severity of the wrongdoing, as well as societal attitudes toward the seriousness of the problem. This can be divided into two types

1.Offence against the land Criminal offense in addition to its impact on the individual affected, criminal wrongdoing also has repercussions that harm society. The state, being obligated to protect society, intervenes by stepping in as the injured party.Therefore, even if the direct victim may not seek retribution personally, it is still necessary to proceed with legal proceedings to prosecute the wrongdoer and ensure they are held accountable.

2.Compoundable offence Criminal offenses that do not directly impact society, and if the victim does not wish to pursue the matter, the state cannot initiate legal proceedings against the wrongdoer. Even if legal proceedings have commenced, the case can be terminated if the victim is satisfied and chooses to withdraw the complaint, drop the charges, or agree to a settlement. Examples include offenses related to defamation, freedom of expression

Criminal Penalties

According to the Criminal Code, Section 18 Punishment for the offender

1.Death penalty

Death penalty The law requires that this be done by lethal injection or poison.

2.Imprisonment penalty

The imprisonment penalty shall commence from the day of the court judgment. However, if the convicted person has been in custody before the court judgment, the number of days in pretrial detention shall be deducted from the imprisonment period.

3.The penalty of detention

The penalty of detention restricts freedom in the physical sense but is less severe than imprisonment. The person sentenced to detention is confined to a place of detention, not necessarily a prison. This penalty is an alternative to imprisonment, and if a person commits an offense that is punishable by imprisonment, the court may impose a term of detention not exceeding three months, unless it is evident that the person has been previously sentenced to imprisonment. Alternatively, if the offense committed is related to defamation or a minor offense, the court may choose to impose a term of detention not exceeding three months instead of imprisonment.


Fine anyone subject to a fine must pay the specified amount as indicated in the court’s judgment. If the fine is not paid within thirty days from the date of the court judgment, the court may seize assets to cover the fine. In lieu of the fine, the court may also order detention. However, if the court believes that the individual is likely to evade paying the fine, it may order bail or order the individual to be detained instead of paying the fine in advance.

5.Forfeiture of property

Forfeiture of property refers to the properties that a person uses or possesses for committing offenses or properties acquired through the commission of offenses, except for properties owned by others without their consent or knowledge of the wrongdoing.


Criminal law is a legal system that establishes offenses and prescribes penalties. When an individual commits an act that has a significant impact on society or the majority of the population, they must be subject to punishment according to the severity of their actions. The degree of punishment depends on the nature of the individual’s actions and whether they have committed any wrongdoing.

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